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Clinical research and clinical trials are both stages of the drug development process, but they are distinct phases with different goals and methods.
Clinical research refers to the scientific investigation of a new drug or medical device in humans, with the aim of determining its safety and effectiveness. This can include a variety of studies, such as observational studies, case-control studies, and randomized controlled trials.
Clinical trials, on the other hand, are a specific type of clinical research in which a new drug or medical device is tested in a controlled setting, often with a placebo control group. These trials are typically conducted in several phases, beginning with small, early-phase studies to establish safety and dosage, and progressing to larger, later-phase studies to determine efficacy and optimal use.
Clinical trials are designed with specific criteria for enrollment, such as age, gender, health status, and medical history, and they are closely monitored by researchers to ensure that the study is conducted ethically and that the data collected is accurate and reliable.
The ultimate goal of clinical research and clinical trials is to obtain regulatory approval from government agencies, such as the US Food and Drug Administration (FDA), to bring a new drug or medical device to market. Clinical research is therefore a critical component of the drug development process, as it provides important information about the safety and efficacy of new treatments and helps to ensure that patients receive effective and safe therapies.
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